Enterprise Architecture (EA) Modernization

 

 

Enterprise Architecture Capability Model

Enterprise Architecture is defined as a level 3 capability in the capability model. In this document the EA capability is further decomposed into the 4th and 5th levels as shown below.

 

EA Business Capability Decomposition to Level

 

Figure 1: EA Business Capability Decomposition to Level 5

 

Capability Definition

 

Capability Level 1

Definition

Information Technology Management

The ability to provide infrastructure, tools, and services associated with operations in areas such as IT networks, telecommunications, computing, hardware, software applications, and data management.  This includes management decision support, analytics, end-user services, and associated technology support. Information technology management leverages emerging technologies and solutions to advance an organization’s mission. This capability results in procurement, design, development, and operation of technology-based solutions to current and future business challenges.

 

Capability Level 2

Definition

IT Policy, Architecture, Portfolio and Investment Management

The ability to develop, maintain, and implement IT policies and practices that ensure an organization is provided with well-managed, sound, secure, and integrated IT architecture and IT portfolio investments that align with a company’s priorities. This ability ensures that IT acquisition strategies are supported by sound business cases and are cost-effective investments.

 

Capability Level 3

Definition

Enterprise Architecture

The ability to provide business-centric, value driven EA services that enable an organization to modernize and stabilize the operational and technical capabilities required by regulatory, business, and scientific communities.

Capability Level 4

Capability Level 5

Definitions

Processes

Strategy Execution

 

The ability to help stakeholders develop and implement new strategies, processes, systems, and alternative service delivery models. This capability ensures program and project alignment with key initiatives to achieve the outcomes desired by an organization. This capability also includes leveraging existing solutions for common requirements to achieve results.

 

 

Strategy and Planning Analysis

The ability to collaborate with systems and development staff to collect and interpret business and technical information needed to support strategic plans and program plans.

 

Update Strategic Plans

 

Strategy Alignment Mapping

The ability to document the alignment of high-priority business capabilities and initiatives (programs, projects) with business imperatives used to articulate strategic priorities and drive IT investments. This capability enables the creation of Strategy Alignment Maps.

 

Draw Strategic Alignment maps

 

Initiative Evaluation

The ability to identify new, on-going, and planned high-priority transformational initiatives and visualize the results. This capability identifies critical initiatives needed for the enterprise to achieve its goals and determines the degree to which the foundational structure that will be affected by those initiatives.

 

Develop Initiative Evaluation Matrix

 

Infrastructure Strategic Planning

The ability to articulate the current state of the infrastructure environment, and outlines a roadmap for future plans by enumerating the vision, mission, goals and objectives required to stabilize and modernize the IT infrastructure. This capability aims to anticipate and curtail any possible concerns associated with IT infrastructure initiatives that have the potential to arise in the future.

 

Develop Strategic Roadmap

Business Alignment

 

The ability to determine business capabilities within the enterprise and align those business capabilities with strategic priorities, business imperatives, and business initiatives. This capability ensures: a) business imperatives are supported by business capabilities and b) business capabilities are realized through business initiatives.

 

 

Stakeholder Needs Assessment

The ability to conduct assessment to: a) identify desired outcomes that must be realized; b) analyze stakeholder requirements; c) determine what can be accomplished with IT investments, and d) account for high-priority business value measures.

Develop Stakeholder Power Map

 

Develop Value Measures List

 

Business Imperatives Gathering

The ability to obtain an understanding of how decision-makers measure value from the perspective of key stakeholders.

Identify Business Imperatives

 

Business Processes assessment

The ability to conduct assessment to:

a) identify appropriate business processes b) identify business process activities

Identify Business Processes

 

Business Capability Mapping

The ability to provide a holistic view of the enterprise and help prioritize agendas and roadmaps to focus enterprise efforts on high-priority capabilities first. This capability enables the creation of Business Capability Maps and Business Capability Heat Maps. This capability also helps support the development of Strategy Alignment Maps.

Decompose Business Capabilities

 

Business Capability Evaluation

The ability to identify critically important business capabilities and significant capability gaps with the purpose of ascertaining how critical a capability is in enabling the enterprise to achieve its goals. This capability helps determine how significant the gap is that exists between the current state and future states of the capability in relationship to the business processes, information flows, and IT systems that support them.

Develop Business Capability Evaluation Matrix

 

Heat Map development

The ability to create a business capability heat map by color-coding high-priority business capabilities on the business capability map.

Develop Business Capability Heat Map

System Architecture Review

 

The ability to work with Business Owners and System Owners to identify, describe, and catalog their existing, enhanced, new, and decommissioned IT systems within the enterprise. This includes reviewing stakeholder requests.

 

 

Integrated IT Systems Inventory

The ability to identify, reconcile, and validate IT systems, services, and Technologies from different types of repositories. This capability defines the key relationships and data flows required between repositories.

Maintain IT System Inventory in a Repository

 

Portfolio Management and Investment

The ability to collaborate with key stakeholders to maintain compliance and align systems, projects, and initiatives to strategic and mission objectives and ensure portfolio health.

Collaboration

 

Data Call Management

The ability to develop IT System Data Calls and execute those data calls by utilizing, and updating such as: Investments, Business Capabilities, IT Systems, and Technologies. This capability also routes data call requests to collect information on 1) New IT Systems, 2) IT Systems Undergoing Enhancements, 3) Existing IT Systems, and 4 ) Decommissioned IT Systems.

 

 

IT System Project Alignment to Business Capabilities

The ability to ensure new IT system projects/processes are categorized by (mapped to) Business Capabilities, in order to help ensure that new projects do not excessively duplicate existing functionality.

Map IT System Project Alignment to Business Capabilities

 

Baseline Mapping of IT Systems to Business Capabilities

The ability to vet the existing Business Capability-to-IT System Mappings with Business and IT stakeholders, making any modifications as required to correct the mappings.

Maintain IT-Systems to Business Capabilities mappings in a repository

 

Identify System/Technology Relationships

The ability to gather and analyze the relationships that exist between IT systems and their technology stacks (the set of software products used to configure the IT system), based on data available in a repository and other information sources.

 

 

Go/No-Go EA Recommendations

The ability to indicate where duplication exists; research the possibility of retiring older duplicative legacy functionality, and provide Go/No-Go EA recommendations regarding the new projects.

 

Technology Assessment

 

The ability to enable technical data exchanges between systems so that critical information is compliant with standards which allow it to be shared and discovered securely.

 

 

Technology Categorization

The ability to develop a new taxonomy or utilize an existing taxonomy that provides the means by which an organization can categorize (group) all technologies, both software and hardware, for the purposes of analysis and decision-making. This capability provides the basis for performing Scope and Boundary Definition, Technology Discovery and Aggregation, Market Research and Analysis, Technology Forecasting, and Technology Roadmap Development.

 

 

Scope and Boundary Definition

The ability to assess scope based on type of technologies required to satisfy stakeholder objectives at various points in time, and set boundaries to define the range of technologies that will be evaluated during each sprint-based release of Technology Roadmap Development.

 

 

Technology Discovery and Aggregation

The ability to discover, aggregate, visualize, and report all known versions of technologies deployed within the enterprise by combining data available from a repository, catalog, and discovery tools.

 

 

Technology Evaluation

The ability to identify, evaluate, and promote the use of certain versions of technologies as technology standards within the enterprise following Technology Discovery and Aggregation. The capability drives compliance by working with automated discovery tool results to pinpoint, document, and reduce certain versions of technologies deployed within the enterprise considered unusable, redundant, obsolete, or vulnerabilities.

 

 

Market Research and Analysis

The ability to identify and document the trends and mandates which guide and constrain the use of technology within the enterprise. This capability also identifies promising new technologies that may be suitable for use within the enterprise.

 

 

Technology Forecasting

The ability to provide timelines that estimate, track, and report when technologies currently in-use within the enterprise are considered near, at, or beyond the "end-of-life" determination set by the vendor of the technology. This capability helps stakeholders understand when certain versions of technology will stop being supported by the organizaiton and/or the technology manufacturer.

 

 

Technology Roadmap Development

The ability to deliver technology roadmaps for all products, applications, and systems by analyzing technology alternatives; producing findings based on market research; providing technology forecasts, and recommending technology standards for SW/HW Product Categories, IT System Technology Stacks, Client-based Baseline Configurations, and Server-based Baseline Configurations within the enterprise.

 

Enterprise Integration

 

The ability to develop, maintain, and facilitate the implementation of a sound, secure and integrated IT architecture for the organization and to manage technology. This ability ensures that IT acquisition strategies pursued are supported by sound business cases and are cost-effective investments

 

 

Enterprise Architecture Analysis

The ability to identify performance gaps in the enterprise, manage the transition from current to future architectures, ensure strategic, business and architectural alignments are maintained in an organization plans, selects, controls and evaluates investments

 

 

EA Service Delivery

The ability to deliver business-centric, value-driven EA Decision Support Services such as Strategy Execution, Business Alignment, System Architecture Review, Technology Assessment, and Enterprise Integration to modernize the enterprise. This capability ensures enterprise architecture analysis results in ITIL-based, customer-focused, decision-enabling artifacts that add value to stakeholders and their initiatives.

 

 

Enterprise Modernization

The ability to support stakeholders in defining, enabling, and realizing enterprise solution architectures using capabilities offered through Business Modernization, Application Modernization, and Release Modernization.